Philippine

Moth Album #2

Simple key to major moth groups in GALLERY B. 

The silhouettes are general in nature, and there are exceptions in each group.

* Some of the moth silhouettes are from BugGuide.net http://bugguide.net/node/view/21675

 

(Hover on the moth silhouette and          to view album)

NOLIDAE

Tuft Moths

They are mostly small with dull coloration, the main distinguishing feature being a silk cocoon with a vertical exit slit. The group is sometimes known as tuft moths after the tufts of raised scales on the forewings of two subfamilies

NOTODONTIDAE

Prominent Moths

Species of this family tend to be heavy-bodied and long-winged, the wings held folded across the back of the body at rest. They rarely display any bright colours, usually being mainly grey or brown.

PSYCHIDAE

Bagworm or Bagmoths

The males of which have thinly scaled or nearly transparent wings while the females are wingless and wormlike.

PTEROPHORIDAE

Plume Moths

Adult moth's wings are very slender, held at right-angles to body when at rest, giving a T-shaped profile as viewed from above.

PYRALIDAE

Pyralid Moths

They have long legs and a beak like proboscis, which is covered in scales. Their forewings are triangular in shape with broader hind wings, and have a tendency to sit with their wings open and forming a distinct triangle.

SATURNIIDAE

Giant Silkworm and Royal Moths

Adults are characterized by large size, heavy bodies covered in hair-like scales, lobed wings, reduced mouthparts, and small heads. They lack a frenulum but the hind wings overlap the forewings, producing the same effect of an unbroken wing surface.

SPHINGIDAE

Hawk and Sphinx Moths

They are moderate to large in size and are distinguished among moths for their rapid, sustained flying ability. Their narrow wings and streamlined abdomens are adaptations for rapid flight.

THYRIDIDAE

Picture-Winged Leaf Moths

Adults usually have a characteristic, fine, reticulated wing pattern and distinctive resting posture, with the body raised at a steep angle and the wings expanded.

TORTRICIDAE

Tortrix or Leafroller Moths

Adults are typically nocturnal with cryptically colored forewings in gray, brown, rust, or tan, occasionally with colorful markings. At rest, wings are held like a flattened roof, giving the resemblance of an arrowhead.

URANIIDAE

Swallowtail and Scoopwing Moths

The day-flying species are usually more strikingly colored and vibrant than the nocturnal individuals. Many diurnal species also have iridescent scales and multiple tails, which often lead them to be mistaken for butterflies.

ZYGAENIDAE

Zyganid, Burnet or Forester Moths

Zygaenid moths are typically day-flying with a slow, fluttering flight, and with rather clubbed antennae. They generally have a metallic sheen and often prominent spots of red or yellow.

OTHER Moth Families

Micro-moths, Clearwings, Long-horns, etc.

Moths not included in the major moth albums.

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© 2015 Philippine Lepidoptera Butterflies and Moths, Inc.  (PhiLep)

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